In response to the current and future impacts of climate change, Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) agreed to submit Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) as the new global climate governance framework to limit the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2oC above pre-industrial levels. With the signing of the Paris Agreement, INDCs transitioned to nationally determined contributions (NDCs) upon which the global climate actions will be built after 2020. As of June 2018, out of 54 African countries signatories to the Paris Agreement, 44 countries have submitted their NDCs to the UNFCCC.
The seventh Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa (CCDA-VII) will gather stakeholders to interrogate Africa’s NDCs and define actionable climate interventions. The conference builds on the CCDA-VI, which focused on understanding the implementation implications, challenges and opportunities of the Paris Agreement in the context of Africa’s development priorities prior to the Paris Agreement coming into force on 4th of November 2016.
The general objective of the 7th Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa -CCDA-VII is to interrogate Africa NDCs and define actionable agendas within NDCs. The specific objectives are:
- to provide space and facilitate science-practice-policy dialogue to unpack the options available for implementation of NDCs in Africa;
- to address the missing links for enhanced uptake and use of CIS into development planning, policy and practice in Africa including sectoral NDCs;
- to understand the various options to finance climate actions, including the modalities for unlocking available and new forms of climate finance, such as leveraging market mechanisms for climate actions and sustainable economic development.
Advancing NDCs Implementation in Africa
The modesty of the Paris targets presents a real challenge for the achievement of the objective of limiting global warming this century to 2oC, and striving to bring it down to 1.5oC above pre-industrial level. However, the IPCC most optimistic of projections indicating that the full implementation of the NDCs will, at best, put the world on course for a 2.7oC warming. Without substantial support, it would be highly unlikely for African countries to achieve the goals and targets outlined in their NDCs. Furthermore, it important to ensure proper alignment of NDC implementation with other national development agendas using an integrative approach and joint programming for cost-effective implementation.
Climate Information Services in Support of the NDCs (CIS-Day)
Climate Information Services (CIS) provide science-based and user-specific information relating to past, present and potential future climate for decision-support in sectors affected by climate at global, regional and local scales. Factoring CIS into policy, planning and practices are crucial for Africa to achieve its development aspirations for enhanced trade competitiveness, reduced poverty and sustainable economic growth. Accelerating CIS uptake, therefore, requires an enabling environment with an economic case for substantive investments in the production and uptake of climate information services.
Climate Finance for NDCs Implementation (CF-Day)
After COP 15 developed nations pledged to contribute finance amounting to $100 billion annually by 2020. There is, however, no agreement on how developed countries share the financing responsibility, and no clear road map towards the realization of the $100 billion per year by 2020 (UNFCCC, 2015).
The implementation of the NDCs in Africa presents unique challenges that need to be addressed urgently. African countries generally lack adequate climate information and services to inform the policy process. Financing for the NDC actions from both conditional and unconditional sources is limited.