2018 Africa Sustainable Development Report

Towards a transformed and resilient continent
2018 Africa Sustainable Development Report


The Africa Sustainable Development Report 2018 is the second in a series of reports which provides an integrated assessment of the continent’s progress towards implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the First Ten Year Implementation Plan of the African Union Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want. The report is currently the only document that simultaneously tracks the continent’s performance on both agendas using the Continental Results Framework endorsed by the African Union Heads of State and Government.

The report uses the latest data obtained from a broad range of sources, including the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) and the World Bank’s World Development Indicators (WDI). These are complemented by review of latest literature on the 2030 Agenda and Agenda 2063 and other pertinent analytical works, especially for the goals where data availability is limited. The Report is a joint publication of the Economic Commission for Africa, the African Union Commission, the African Development Bank and the United Nations Development Programme – Regional Bureau for Africa. The report was validated by the SDGs/Agenda 2063 Focal Persons from member States during an Expert Group Meeting that took place in Maputo, Mozambique.

The 2018 edition is aligned with the theme of the 2018 High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) "Transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies" and focuses on five of the Sustainable Development Goals and the aligned Agenda 2063 goals. These are: Goal 6 - Clean water and sanitation; Goal 7 – Affordable clean energy; Goal 11 – Sustainable cities and communities; Goal 12 - Responsible consumption and production; and Goal 15 – Life on land. In addition, the report examines the challenges and opportunities for nurturing Science, Technology and Innovation hubs in Africa as a fundamental means of implementation of the Goals.

Overall, Africa is making steady progress in building the critical ingredients for sustainable and resilient societies, but the pace is slow. Access to basic infrastructure such as energy, water and sanitation services is improving but falls well below the global average. Furthermore, the aggregate performance of the continent masks wide cross-country disparities.